Introduction (2023)

Eating in Japan is an unparalleled experience that combines exquisite cuisine with a captivating cultural journey. The country's rich food traditions and customs make dining in Japan a truly unique affair. In this article, we will explore the etiquette and expressions of gratitude associated with Japanese meals, aiming to provide a comprehensive guide on how to show appreciation after enjoying a delicious meal.

Traditional Japanese Meal Etiquette

Before delving into the expressions of gratitude, it is essential to understand the traditional Japanese meal etiquette. When sitting down to a meal, it is customary for everyone at the table to bow as a sign of respect for the individuals who prepared the food and those who are sharing the meal. This gesture symbolizes gratitude and sets the tone for a harmonious dining experience. Additionally, finishing all the food on your plate is considered not only polite but also a way to avoid wastefulness and show appreciation for the meal.

Saying "Itadakimasu" Before Eating

The phrase "Itadakimasu" (いただきます) holds significant importance in Japanese dining culture. It is traditionally said before starting a meal and serves as a way to express gratitude for the food being received. The literal translation of "Itadakimasu" is "I humbly receive," signifying the deep appreciation for the sustenance being provided. It is customary to place your hands together in a prayer-like fashion at chest level while slightly bowing from the waist when uttering this phrase. Remember, this expression of gratitude should be used before every meal, whether at a restaurant or in other settings.

Saying "Gochisousama Deshita" After Eating

After completing a meal, it is customary to express gratitude once again by saying "Gochisousama Deshita" (ごちそうさまでした). This phrase can be translated as "thank you for the delicious food" or simply "thank you for the meal." Similar to saying "Itadakimasu," it is customary to place your hands together in a prayer-like fashion at chest level while bowing slightly from the waist. The expression "Gochisousama Deshita" acknowledges the effort put into preparing the meal and conveys gratitude for the dining experience. It is important to note that this phrase should be used regardless of the dining location, be it a restaurant or any other establishment.

Other Phrases to Use After Eating in Japan

In addition to saying "Gochisousama Deshita," there are several other phrases that can be used to express appreciation for the food and hospitality provided by others when dining out in Japan. These phrases include:

  1. "Oishii desu ne" - This phrase translates to "It's delicious, isn't it?" It can be used after taking the first bite of food or when complimenting someone else's cooking or dish.

  2. "Gochisou sama" - This phrase directly translates to "thankful feast" and can be used both before and after meals to express gratitude.

  3. "Arigatou gozaimashita" - This phrase translates to "Thank you very much!" It can be used before and after meals to convey appreciation.

How to Show Gratitude for the Meal

Apart from using the appropriate phrases, there are other ways to demonstrate gratitude when dining out in Japan:

  1. Offer compliments on dishes served: By expressing your admiration for the dishes, you convey appreciation for the effort and care put into their preparation.

  2. Offer help cleaning up: Offering to assist with cleaning up after the meal shows respect for those who have cooked and served you, further demonstrating your gratitude.

  3. Bring small gifts/tokens of appreciation: Presenting small gifts or tokens of appreciation is a thoughtful gesture that recognizes the efforts of those who have cooked and served you.

What Not to Say After Eating in Japan

While expressing thanks and appreciation is crucial, it is essential to avoid certain phrases that may be misunderstood or considered impolite in Japanese culture. These phrases include:

  1. "Doozo yoroshiku" - Although it may seem similar to "Arigatou gozaimashita," this phrase actually means "please treat me well." It is not suitable for expressing gratitude after a meal.

  2. "Sumimasen" - While "Sumimasen" can be used to apologize or get someone's attention, it is not an appropriate way to express thanks after a meal.

  3. "Gomen nasai" - "Gomen nasai" means "I'm sorry" and should not be used to express gratitude after a meal.

Final Thoughts on Saying Thank You After a Meal in Japan

Expressing gratitude after a meal in Japan is an essential part of the dining experience, reflecting respect for those who have prepared and served the food. By understanding and practicing traditional Japanese meal etiquette, as well as using appropriate phrases, you can ensure that you convey your gratitude effectively during every dining experience in Japan. Remember to bow before starting your meal, say "Itadakimasu" before eating, and express your appreciation by saying "Gochisousama Deshita" after finishing your meal. Offering compliments, helping with clean-up, and bringing small tokens of appreciation are additional ways to show gratitude. By observing these etiquettes, you can ensure that proper manners are observed during each dining experience in Japan.


In conclusion, understanding the cultural nuances and expressions of gratitude associated with dining in Japan is essential for a memorable and respectful experience. From bowing before the meal to saying "Itadakimasu" and "Gochisousama Deshita," these traditions showcase the deep appreciation for food and the individuals involved in its preparation. By incorporating these customs into your dining experience, you not only show respect for Japanese culture but also create a meaningful connection with the cuisine and the people who share it with you. So, the next time you find yourself in Japan, remember these etiquettes and embrace the rich culinary journey that awaits you.

Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Prof. Nancy Dach

Last Updated: 11/04/2023

Views: 6259

Rating: 4.7 / 5 (77 voted)

Reviews: 84% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Prof. Nancy Dach

Birthday: 1993-08-23

Address: 569 Waelchi Ports, South Blainebury, LA 11589

Phone: +9958996486049

Job: Sales Manager

Hobby: Web surfing, Scuba diving, Mountaineering, Writing, Sailing, Dance, Blacksmithing

Introduction: My name is Prof. Nancy Dach, I am a lively, joyous, courageous, lovely, tender, charming, open person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.